Dry throat: causes, treatments and more

Is this a cause for concern?

A dry and irritated throat is a common symptom, especially during the cold winter months, when the air is dry and upper respiratory infections are spreading. Usually, a dry throat is a sign of something minor, such as dryness in the air or a cold head.

Observing your other symptoms can help you discover the cause of your dry throat and know if you should call your doctor. Keep reading to learn more.

1. dehydration

The dryness in your throat may simply be a sign that you have not drunk enough. When you are dehydrated, your body does not produce the most amount of saliva that normally moistens your mouth and throat.

Dehydration can also cause:

  • dry mouth

  • increased thirst

  • Urine darker and less urine than usual.

  • fatigue

  • dizziness

Treatment options

Drink extra fluids during the day. Recommendations on how much to drink vary, but a good average is 15.5 cups of liquid for men and 11.5 cups of fluid for women.

You get approximately 20 percent of this liquid from fruits, vegetables and other foods.

Be sure to drink fluids that hydrate, such as water or sports drinks. You should avoid soda with caffeine and coffee, which can cause your body to lose more water.

2. Sleep with your mouth open.

If you wake up every morning with a dry mouth, the problem could be that you sleep with your mouth open. The air dries up the saliva that normally keeps the mouth and throat moist.

Breathing through the mouth can also cause:

  • bad breath

  • snoring

  • daytime fatigue

Snoring can be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which your breathing stops again and again during the night.

Congestion from a cold or chronic allergies, or a problem with the nasal passages, such as a deviated septum, can also cause breathing through the mouth.

Treatment options

If you have a problem with sinusitis or congestion, apply an adhesive strip on the bridge of your nose to keep your nose open while you sleep.

Buy a sticky nose strip now.

For obstructive sleep apnea, your doctor may prescribe an oral device that repositions your jaw or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy to maintain airflow in the airways at night.

3. Hay fever or allergies.

Hay fever, also called seasonal allergy, is caused by an overreaction of the immune system to normally harmless substances in its environment.

The triggers of common allergies include:

  • grass

  • pollen

  • pet dander

  • mold

  • dust mites

When your immune system detects one of your triggers, it releases chemicals called histamines.

This can lead to symptoms such as:

  • stuffy nose

  • sneeze

  • itchy eyes, mouth or skin

  • cough

Congestion in the nose can cause it to breathe through the mouth, which can dry the throat. The extra mucus can also drip down the back of the throat, called a postnasal drip. This can make your throat feel sore.

Treatment options

To prevent allergy symptoms, avoid your triggers as much as possible. It can be useful for:

  • Stay indoors with the windows closed and the air conditioning on during the high season of allergies.

  • Put mite-proof covers on your bed. Get one here.

  • Wash your sheets and other bedding weekly in hot water.

  • Vacuum your carpets and dust your floors to collect dust mites.

  • Clean any mold in your house.

  • Keep pets out of your room.

You can also control allergy symptoms with these treatments:

  • antihistamines

  • decongestants

  • allergy shots

  • drops for eye allergy

Buy antihistamines, decongestants and drops for eye allergy online.

4. cold

A cold is a common infection caused by many different viruses. The infection can make your throat feel dry and rough.

You will also have symptoms like these:

  • stuffy nose

  • sneeze

  • cough

  • body pain

  • slight fever

Treatment options

Most colds take a few days to follow their course. Antibiotics do not treat the cold, since they only kill bacteria, not viruses.

To help you feel better while your body recovers from the cold, try these remedies:

  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) to relieve sore throat and body aches.

  • Suck on a throat pill. Buy something here.

  • Drink hot liquids, such as broth and hot tea.

  • Gargle with a mixture of warm water and 1/2 teaspoon of salt.

  • Use a decongestant nasal spray to relieve stuffy nose. Get one here.

  • Drink extra fluids to keep your mouth and throat moist and prevent dehydration.

  • Rest enough.

  • Turn on a humidifier to moisten the air in your room.

5. flu

The flu is a respiratory disease. Like a cold, a virus causes the flu. But flu symptoms tend to be more severe than those of a cold.

Along with an irritated and irritated throat, you may have:

  • fever

  • cold

  • cough

  • clogged, runny

  • muscle pains

  • headache

  • fatigue

  • vomiting and diarrhea

The flu can cause serious complications, especially in young children, older adults, and people with chronic medical conditions or a weakened immune system.

Complications of the flu include:

  • pneumonia

  • bronchitis

  • sinus infections

  • Ear infections

  • Asthma attacks in people who already have asthma.

Treatment options

Antiviral medications can reduce the symptoms of the flu and shorten the amount of time you are sick. But you should start taking these medications within 48 hours after the date the symptoms start working.

While you are sick, try these methods to relieve sore throat and other symptoms:

  • Rest until your symptoms improve.

  • Suck on a throat pill.

  • Gargle with a mixture of warm water and 1/2 teaspoon of salt.

  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) to lower fever and relieve body aches.

  • Drink warm liquids, such as tea and broth.

6. Acid reflux or GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that causes acid to recede from your stomach to your esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. The acid backup is called acid reflux.

The acid burns the lining of your esophagus, causing symptoms such as:

  • a burning sensation in the chest, called heartburn

  • difficulty swallowing

  • dry cough

  • bitter liquid belches

  • hoarsely

If the acid reaches the throat, it can cause pain or burning.

Treatment options

GERD is treated with:

  • antacids, such as Maalox, Mylanta and Rolaids, to neutralize stomach acids

  • H2 inhibitors, such as cimetidine (Tagamet HB), famotidine (Pepcid AC) and ranitidine (Zantac), to reduce the production of stomach acid

  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as lansoprazole (Prevacid 24) and omeprazole (Prilosec), to block acid production

Buy antacids now.

Try these lifestyle changes to help relieve the symptoms of acid reflux:

  • Keep a healthy weight. The extra weight puts pressure on your stomach, forcing more acid into your esophagus.

  • Wear loose clothing. Tight clothes, especially tight pants, press your stomach.

  • Eat several small meals a day instead of three large meals.

  • Lift the head of your bed while you sleep. This will prevent the acid from flowing up into your esophagus and throat.

  • Do not smoke Smoking weakens the valve that holds the acid in the stomach.

  • Avoid foods and drinks that can cause heartburn, such as spicy or fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, mint and garlic.

7. Streptococcal pharyngitis

Streptococcal pharyngitis is an infection of the throat caused by bacteria. Usually, your throat will be very sore, but you may also feel dry.

Other symptoms of strep throat include:

  • red and swollen tonsils

  • white spots on your tonsils

  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck

  • fever

  • eruption

  • body pain

  • nausea and vomiting

Treatment options

Doctors treat strep throat with antibiotics, drugs that kill bacteria. Your sore throat and other symptoms should improve within two days after you start taking these medications.

Be sure to take the full dose of antibiotics your doctor prescribed. Stopping too early may leave some live bacteria in your body, which could make you sick again.

To relieve your symptoms, take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). You can also gargle with warm water and rinse with salt and suck throat lozenges.

8. Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils: the two soft growths in the back of the throat that help your body fight infections. Both viruses and bacteria can cause tonsillitis.

Along with sore throat, the symptoms of tonsillitis may also include:

  • red and swollen tonsils

  • white spots on the tonsils

  • fever

  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck

  • hoarsely

  • bad breath

  • headache

Treatment options

If the bacteria caused tonsillitis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat it. Viral tonsillitis will improve on its own within a week to 10 days.

Here are some things you can do to feel better while you recover:

  • Drink lots of liquids. Hot drinks such as tea and broth are soothing for the throat.

  • Gargle with a mixture of warm water and 1/2 teaspoon of salt a few times a day.

  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

  • Put on a cool steam humidifier to add moisture to the air. Dry air can make throat pain worse. Buy a cold steam humidifier online.

  • Suck on the throat lozenges.

  • Rest until you feel better.

9. mononucleosis

Mononucleosis, or monkey, is a disease caused by a virus. It passes from person to person through saliva. One of the distinctive symptoms of the monkey is irritation of the throat.

Other symptoms include:

  • fatigue

  • fever

  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.

  • headache

  • imflammed amygdals

Treatment options

Because a virus causes the monkey, antibiotics do not treat it. Here are some tips to help you feel better until your body overcomes the infection:

  • Rest long enough for your immune system to have the opportunity to fight the virus.

  • Drink extra fluids to avoid dehydration.

  • Take over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil), to lower fever and relieve sore throat.

  • Suck on a pill and gargle with warm salt water to help with a sore throat.

When to see your doctor

In some cases, you may be able to relieve your symptoms with home treatment or changes in lifestyle. But if your symptoms last more than a week or get worse, see your doctor. They can make a diagnosis and work with you on a care plan.

You should also consult your doctor if you experience more severe symptoms. Severe symptoms include:

  • severe sore throat that makes it painful to swallow

  • shortness of breath, wheezing

  • eruption

  • Chest pain

  • Excessive tiredness during the day.

  • loud snoring at night

  • fever greater than 101 ° F (38 ° C)

The bottom line

A dry throat is often a sign of cold head, dehydration or sleeping with your mouth open, especially during the winter. Effective home treatments include drinking hot liquids, such as broth or hot tea, and sucking throat lozenges. Consult a doctor if your symptoms continue or get worse after a week.

Reference: https: //www.healthline.com/health/dry-throat


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