13 powerful home remedies for acne

Acne is one of the most common skin conditions in the world and affects 85% of people at some time in their lives.

Conventional treatments for acne can be expensive and often have undesirable side effects such as dryness, redness and irritation.

This has led many people to study how to cure acne naturally at home. The Internet is full of suggestions, but do natural treatments really work?

This article explores 13 home remedies for acne that are backed by science.

What causes acne?

Acne begins when the pores of your skin become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

Each pore is connected to a sebaceous gland, which produces a fatty substance called sebum. The extra sebum can clog the pores, causing the growth of a bacterium known as Propionibacterium acnesor P. acnes.

Your attack of white blood cells. P. acnes, which leads to skin inflammation and acne. Some cases of acne are more serious than others, but common symptoms include whiteheads, blackheads and pimples.

Many factors contribute to the development of acne, such as genetics, diet, stress, hormonal changes and infections.

Below are 13 home remedies for acne that you may want to try.

1. Apply apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apple cider or unfiltered juice from pressed apples.

Like other vinegars, it is known for its ability to fight many types of bacteria and viruses (1, 2, 3).

Apple cider vinegar contains several organic acids that have been proven to kill P. acnes (Four. Five).

In particular, it has been shown that succinic acid suppresses inflammation caused by P. acnes, which can prevent scarring (6).

In addition, it has been shown that lactic acid improves the appearance of acne scars (7, 8). Also, apple cider vinegar can help dry out the excess oil that causes acne in the first place.

How to use it

  1. Mix 1 part apple cider vinegar and 3 parts water (use more water for sensitive skin).

  2. After cleaning, gently apply the mixture on the skin with a cotton ball.

  3. Let stand for 5 to 20 seconds, rinse with water and dry.

  4. Repeat this process 1-2 times per day, as necessary.

It is important to keep in mind that the application of apple cider vinegar on the skin can cause burns and irritation, so it should always be used in small quantities and diluted with water.

Summary: The organic acids in apple cider vinegar can help kill the bacteria that cause acne and reduce the appearance of scars. Applying it to the skin can cause burns or irritation, so it should be used with care.

2. Take a zinc supplement

Zinc is an essential nutrient that is important for cell growth, hormone production, metabolism and immune function.

It is also one of the most studied natural treatments for acne. Research shows that people with acne tend to have lower levels of zinc in their blood than those with clear skin (9).

Several studies have shown that taking zinc orally helps reduce acne.

In one study, 48 patients with acne received oral zinc supplements three times a day. After eight weeks, 38 patients experienced a reduction of 80 to 100% in acne (10).

The optimal dose of zinc for acne has not been established, but several studies have shown a significant reduction in acne with 30 to 45 mg of elemental zinc per day (11, 12, 13).

Elemental zinc refers to the amount of zinc that is present in the compound. Zinc is available in many forms, and each contains a different amount of elemental zinc.

Zinc oxide contains the highest amount of 80% elemental zinc.

The recommended safe upper limit of zinc is 40 mg per day, so it is probably best not to exceed that amount unless you are under the supervision of a doctor. Taking too much zinc can cause adverse effects, such as stomach pain and intestinal irritation.

It is also important to keep in mind that the application of zinc on the skin has not proven to be effective. This may be because zinc is not absorbed effectively through the skin.

Summary: People with acne tend to have lower zinc levels than people with clear skin. Several studies show that taking zinc orally can significantly reduce acne.

3. Make a mask of honey and cinnamon

Both honey and cinnamon are excellent sources of antioxidants (14, 15, 16, 17, 18).

Studies have found that the application of antioxidants on the skin is more effective in reducing acne than benzoyl peroxide and retinoids (19, 20, 21, 22).

These are two common acne medications for the skin that have antibacterial properties.

The antioxidants studied were vitamin B3, linoleic fatty acid (omega-6) and sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SAP), which is a derivative of vitamin C.

These specific antioxidants are not found in honey or cinnamon, but there is a possibility that other antioxidants may have a similar effect.

Honey and cinnamon also have the ability to fight bacteria and reduce inflammation, which are two factors that trigger acne (23, 24, 25).

While the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial properties of honey and cinnamon can benefit acne-prone skin, there are no studies on their ability to treat acne.

How to make a honey and cinnamon mask

  1. Mix 2 tablespoons of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon to make a paste.

  2. After cleaning, apply the mask on the face and leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes.

  3. Rinse the mask completely and pat dry your face.

Summary: Honey and cinnamon have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Because of this, they can be beneficial for acne-prone skin.

4. Spot Treat with tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is an essential oil that is extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, a small tree native to Australia.

It is well known for its ability to fight bacteria and reduce inflammation of the skin (26).

In addition, several studies show that the application of 5% tea tree oil on the skin effectively reduces acne (27, 28).

Compared to 5% benzoyl peroxide, 5% tea tree oil did not act as quickly, but acne significantly improved after three months of use (29).

It also produced fewer adverse effects such as dryness, irritation and burning, compared to benzoyl peroxide.

Tea tree oil is very powerful, so always dilute it before applying it to the skin.

How to use it

  1. Mix 1 part of tea tree oil with 9 parts of water.

  2. Dip a cotton swab into the mixture and apply it to the affected areas.

  3. Apply moisturizer if desired.

  4. Repeat this process 1-2 times per day, as necessary.

Summary: Tea tree oil has strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Applying it to the skin has been shown to reduce acne.

5. Apply green tea to your skin

Green tea is very high in antioxidants, and drinking it can promote good health.

There are no studies that explore the benefits of taking green tea when it comes to acne, but it has been proven that applying it directly on the skin helps.

This is likely because flavonoids and tannins in green tea are known to help fight bacteria and reduce inflammation, which are two main causes of acne (30, 31, 32).

It has been shown that the main antioxidant in green tea, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), reduces sebum production, fights inflammation and inhibits the growth of P. acnes In individuals with skin prone to acne (33).

Several studies have shown that the application of 2-3% green tea extract on the skin significantly reduces the production of sebum and pimples in people with acne (34, 35, 36).

You can buy creams and lotions that contain green tea, but it's just as easy to make your own mix at home.

How to use it

  1. Soak the green tea in boiling water for 3 to 4 minutes.

  2. Let the tea cool.

  3. With a cotton ball, apply the tea to the skin or pour it into a spray bottle.

  4. Let dry, then rinse with water and dry.

You can also add the remaining tea leaves to the honey and make a mask.

Although there is no evidence that drinking green tea can combat acne, some research suggests it may still be beneficial.

For example, drinking green tea has been shown to lower blood sugar and insulin levels, which are factors that can contribute to the development of acne (37).

Summary: Green tea is rich in antioxidants that help fight bacteria and reduce inflammation. It has been shown that the application of green tea to the skin significantly reduces acne.

6. Apply Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is extracted from the bark and leaves of the hazelnut bush of North America, Hamamelis virginiana. It contains tannins, which have strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties (38, 39).

That is why it is used to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including dandruff, eczema, varicose veins, burns, bruises, insect bites and acne.

Unfortunately, there are no studies on the ability of witch hazel to treat acne specifically.

However, there are several studies that show that the application of witch hazel on the skin can fight bacteria, reduce inflammation and help with healing (40, 41, 42, 43).

How to use it

  1. Combine 1 tablespoon of witch hazel bark and 1 cup of water in a small saucepan.

  2. Soak the hazel witch for 30 minutes and then let the mixture boil on the stove.

  3. Reduce to a simmer and cook, covered, for 10 minutes.

  4. Remove the mixture from the heat and let stand for an additional 10 minutes.

  5. Strain and store the liquid in a sealed container.

  6. Apply on clean skin with a cotton ball 1-2 times per day, or as desired.

However, it is important to keep in mind that commercially prepared versions may not contain tannins, as they are often lost in the distillation process.

Summary: It has been shown that the application of witch hazel on the skin fights bacteria, reduces inflammation and helps heal the skin. It may be beneficial for people with acne, but more research is needed.

7. Moisten With Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is a tropical plant whose leaves produce a transparent gel.

The gel is often added to lotions, creams, ointments and soaps. It is commonly used to treat abrasions, rashes, burns and other skin conditions.

When applied to the skin, aloe vera gel can help heal wounds, treat burns and fight inflammation (44).

Aloe vera also contains salicylic acid and sulfur, which are widely used in the treatment of acne (45).

Several studies have shown that the application of salicylic acid on the skin significantly reduces acne (46, 47, 48, 49, 50).

In the same way, the application of sulfur has proven to be an effective treatment against acne (51, 52).

While the research shows great promise, the benefits against aloe vera acne itself require more scientific evidence.

How to use it

  1. Scrape the gel from the aloe plant with a spoon.

  2. Apply the gel directly on clean skin as a moisturizer.

  3. Repeat 1-2 times per day, or as desired.

You can also buy aloe vera gel in the store, but make sure it is pure aloe without any additional ingredients.

Summary: When applied to the skin, aloe vera gel can help heal wounds, treat burns and fight inflammation. It may be beneficial for people with acne-prone skin, but more research is needed.

8. Take a fish oil supplement

Omega-3 fatty acids are incredibly healthy fats that offer a multitude of health benefits.

You must get these fats from your diet, but research shows that most people who consume a standard Western diet do not consume enough (53).

Fish oils contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

EPA benefits the skin in several ways, including managing oil production, maintaining adequate hydration and preventing acne (54, 55).

It has been shown that high levels of EPA and DHA decrease inflammatory factors, which can reduce the risk of acne (56).

In one study, 45 people with acne received supplements of omega-3 fatty acids containing EPA and DHA daily. After 10 weeks, acne decreased significantly (57).

There is no specific recommended daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids, but most health organizations recommend that healthy adults consume a minimum of 250 to 500 mg of EPA and DHA combined daily.

You can also get omega-3 fatty acids by eating ground salmon, sardines, anchovies, walnuts, chia seeds and flax seeds.

For more information on fish oil supplements, see this article.

Summary: Fish oils contain omega-3 EPA and DHA. Taking a fish oil supplement can help reduce acne.

9. exfoliate regularly

Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of dead skin cells. It can be achieved mechanically by using a brush or exfoliant to physically remove the cells. Alternatively, it can be chemically removed by applying an acid that dissolves them.

It is believed that exfoliation improves acne by removing skin cells that clog pores.

It is also believed that it makes acne treatments for the skin more effective by allowing them to penetrate deeper, once the top layer of the skin is removed.

Unfortunately, research on exfoliation and its ability to treat acne is limited.

Some studies show that microdermabrasion, which is an exfoliation method, can improve the appearance of the skin, including some cases of acne scarring (58, 59).

In a small study, 25 patients with acne received eight microdermabrasion treatments at weekly intervals. Based on before and after photos, this helped to improve acne (60).

96% of the participants were satisfied with the results and would recommend the procedure to others. However, although these results indicate that exfoliation can improve acne, more research is needed.

There is a wide variety of exfoliation products available in stores and online, but it is so easy to do a home exfoliation with sugar or salt.

How to make an exfoliant at home

  1. Mix equal parts of sugar (or salt) and coconut oil.

  2. Rub the skin with the mixture and rinse thoroughly.

  3. Exfoliate as many times as you wish until once a day.

Summary: Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of dead skin cells. It can reduce the appearance of scars and discoloration, but more research is needed on its ability to treat acne.

10. Follow a low glycemic load diet

The relationship between diet and acne has been debated for years.

Recent evidence suggests that dietary factors, such as insulin and the glycemic index, may be associated with acne (61).

The glycemic index (GI) of a food is a measure of how rapidly blood sugar increases.

Eating foods with high GI causes an increase in insulin, which is believed to increase sebum production. Because of this, it is believed that high GI foods have a direct effect on the development and severity of acne.

Foods with a high glycemic index include white bread, sugary sodas, cakes, donuts, cakes, sweets, sweetened cereals for breakfast and other processed foods.

Foods with a low glycemic index include fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and whole or minimally processed grains.

In one study, 43 people followed a high or low glycemic diet. After 12 weeks, individuals who consumed a low glycemic index diet had a significant improvement in both acne and insulin sensitivity, compared to those who ate carbohydrate-rich foods (62).

Another study with 31 participants yielded similar results (63).

These small studies suggest that a low glycemic index diet may be useful for people with acne-prone skin, but more research is needed.

Summary: Eating foods with a high glycemic index can increase sebum production and contribute to acne. More research is needed to determine if a low glycemic index diet can effectively treat or prevent acne.

11. Reduce dairy consumption

The relationship between dairy products and acne is very controversial.

Drinking milk and consuming dairy products exposes you to hormones, which can cause hormonal changes and cause acne (64).

Two large studies reported that the highest levels of milk consumption were associated with acne (65, 66).

However, participants self-reported the data in both studies, so more research is needed to establish a true causal relationship.

Summary: Some studies found a positive association between drinking milk and acne. Limiting the consumption of milk and dairy products may be a good idea for people with acne-prone skin, but more research is needed.

12. Reduce stress

Hormones released during periods of stress can increase sebum production and inflammation of the skin, worsening acne (67, 68, 69).

In fact, several studies have linked stress with an increase in the severity of acne (70, 71).

In addition, stress can delay the healing of wounds by up to 40%, which can delay the repair of acne lesions (72).

It has been shown that certain relaxation and stress reduction treatments improve acne, but more research is necessary (73).

Ways to reduce stress

  • Sleeping more

  • Participate in physical activity.

  • Practice yoga

  • To meditate

  • Breath deeply

Summary: Hormones that are released during times of stress can make acne worse. Reducing stress can help improve acne.

13. Exercise regularly

Exercise promotes healthy blood circulation. The increase in blood flow helps nourish skin cells, which can help prevent and cure acne.

Exercise also plays a role in hormonal regulation (74, 75).

Several studies have shown that exercise can reduce stress and anxiety, both factors that can contribute to the development of acne (76, 77, 78).

It is recommended that healthy adults exercise for 30 minutes 3 to 5 times per week. This can include walking, walking, running and lifting weights.

Summary: Exercise promotes healthy blood circulation, regulates hormones and helps reduce stress.

The bottom line

Acne is a common problem with a number of underlying causes. However, conventional treatments can cause dryness, redness and irritation.

Fortunately, many natural remedies can also be effective. The home remedies listed in this article may not work for everyone, but it's worth a try.

However, you may want to consult a dermatologist if you have severe acne.

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Reference: https: //www.healthline.com/nutrition/13-acne-remedies


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