Take care | Definition and education of the patient



What is care?


Caregivers are people who provide paid or unpaid assistance to infants, children or dependent adults. Caregivers often care for the elderly and people with disabilities or chronic debilitating conditions.


In the United States, about 44 million people over 18 are caregivers. According to the Pew Research Center, four out of ten American adults care for sick or elderly people.


Care usually involves domestic help and personal care. It can be full-time or part-time, and it can be permanent or temporary, depending on the condition of the person being cared for. According to the American Medical Association, 80 percent of caregivers provide care seven days a week.


What are the types of care?


Elderly care


There are many types of care available for the elderly.


Caregivers and family members can receive payment or not, depending on the situation. While many do not provide direct medical care, they can help with personal care, household chores, transportation, and shopping. They also provide social stimulation. The frequency of visits depends on the need.


Another option at home is respite care providers. They provide short-term care or assistance, sometimes during emergencies and other times to provide a break for primary caregivers. These caregivers are covered by some insurance providers.


For seniors with chronic medical conditions, regular visits by registered nurses are possible. These nurses can provide medical care and help with rehabilitation. They can also provide hospice care for patients with terminal illnesses.


Nursing homes can provide full-time medical care and necessary care. In assisted living facilities and retirement communities, caregivers and medical care are available within the same complex.


Care for people with disabilities


Some caregivers provide help and support to a loved one or family member with a disability or chronic illness. Many chronic diseases and disabilities can be monitored at home.


Some caregivers in these situations have the authority to make decisions on behalf of the patient. In such cases, they should know the expected results, the types of help needed and the treatment options available. However, in most cases, patients with these conditions can make their own treatment decisions.


In many cases, caregivers can help control the condition, as well as help with household chores and tasks such as shopping or cleaning. They can also help with the toilet.


Respite care services can help caregivers with specific tasks, or take care of care for certain periods of time.


Childcare


Apart from the parents or primary guardians of a child, caregivers include temporary babysitters, as well as full-time babysitters and nurses.


Advice for caregivers


Many caregivers experience stress, both mentally and physically. This is more common among caregivers who are relatives or friends of the patient.


Caregiver stress symptoms include:



  • anxiety

  • Weight gain or weight loss

  • lack of sleep

  • depression

  • loss of interest in favorite activities


Stress can damage the health of a caregiver over time. Caregivers who experience stress should seek support and advice, for example, from support groups or online resources.


Caregivers can also limit stress by:



  • Define and accept the limitations of what can provide help.

  • looking for help from others

  • Working in close collaboration with the patient's doctor.

  • set personal goals of health and lifestyle

  • Making sure your employers understand your care responsibilities


Resources for caregivers


There are many resources available for caregivers, both to help with caregiving responsibilities and to deal with stress.


A nurse or social worker can help locate local groups. Counseling and peer-to-peer conversation can help caregivers step back and make better decisions about the patient's needs and their own ability to provide care.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States. UU They have a list of fact sheets, checklists and organizations that can help caregivers develop a care plan or cope with care (CDC).


The Department of Health and Human Services of the United States (HHS) also has information on disability laws, government assistance and caregiver education (HHS).



Reference: https: //www.healthline.com/health/caregiving






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