Do you wonder what your future health looks like?



Here's how to recover and stay in the near and distant future.


For starters, you're not only eating kale (yes, you're still doing it), but you're eating genetically engineered foods to meet you Specific nutritional requirements.


Your doctor's office is a distant memory because it has kept your doctor updated about your health by sending your vital data wirelessly from your smart watch.


And any medical problems in the future will be handled through the AI ​​"chatbots" that will scan a database to help you find the best health solution. Oh, and they will also have a hand (mechanics) in their future surgeries.


It sounds a bit surreal, right?


Well, everything is part of your health managed more efficiently, and personally, than ever in the future. The incredible achievements in technology, science and data collection are helping medicine to shift towards prevention and customize treatments to meet their exact needs.


Do you want to know what else is there for you and your family's future?


We have you covered in five main ways that your health will be affected in the not too distant future.


You will be eating with purpose


Functional Foods


Prepare to set the table for about 2 billion more people by 2050, experts say. In order to feed an increasing number of hungry mouths and limit the depletion of resources, food scientists and biotechnology experts will come together to revolutionize our modern diet by maximizing the effect of food on our health.


How it works


Leading experts predict that we will use genetic engineering to both support our growing population and to modify and improve everyday foods to increase their value for health. "Functional foods", those that offer additional positive health benefits in addition to their basic nutrition, already exist naturally in our diet. Your usual oatmeal dish for breakfast? It already provides health benefits because it contains soluble and healthy fiber that will reduce low density lipoprotein (LDL) or "bad" cholesterol. But by 2050, your morning oatmeal will have more than just a fiber hit. This is because supermarkets can have aisles with engineered food products designed for specific populations, such as men, women or the elderly. Think about how much faster those groceries will be!


When is it happening


The use of genetically modified foods (GMOs) remains a hot topic, but experts say they may be necessary to meet the needs of a rapidly growing population while maintaining the environment. This transition will come with a higher price tag, but rising costs will align with the supposed 14 percent increase in e-commerce sales of food and beverages over the next four years.


Why it matters


Regardless of what happens to us in the future: flying cars, holidays to Mars, an NSYNC meeting meeting, we will still need food to survive. Progress in food, science, biology and technology will come together to find a way to meet the needs of our growing world. Will a genetically engineered apple keep the doctor away in the future? We can only wait!


You will be following your medical information


wearables


Thanks to the growth in the field of precision medicine and the push of big data, portable devices are finding a new home in medical care. Access to your personal medical information in real time may be your ticket to leave a trip to the doctor's office in the future.


How does it work


Portable technology, such as your Jawbone, will soon be able to send biofeedback (information about your vital signs and physiological responses) automatically to your doctor or other medical providers. Experts say that this type of consistent health monitoring could have a serious impact on medical care, including the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.


The new portable medical devices are designed to capture even more vital health information that can lead to disease prevention. "If you knew [your] The heart rate and the function of your body and your breathing and blood pressure and all levels of all things continuously through a patch or portable device, are essential to know the early stages of the disease, "said David Benaron, Jawbone's chief medical officer, precision medicine panel at BIO International 2016 in San Francisco.


When is it happening


Companies such as Lief, Empatica, Spire and NeuroSky offer medical devices that are already in development and are being marketed. In addition to controlling your fitness levels, these devices can monitor specific areas of your body. Empatica's Embrace smart watch is designed to monitor people for seizures and send a health care alert.


Why it matters


The signs point to huge growth for the medical apparel industry. Data from a 2014 report found that the size of the global market for smart wearable devices would increase from $ 2 billion in 2014 to $ 41 billion by 2020. And according to the data collected by eMarketer, remote monitoring, diagnostic applications and the control of the medical condition are among the first three active applications for smartphone with the greatest market potential.


You will be modifying the genes of your child


What does it mean


New technologies and advances in genetic engineering point to a world with more gene editing and fewer diseases and diseases such as cystic fibrosis and HIV. And the editing of the genome in embryos or reproductive cells, such as ovules and sperm, could potentially (and be controversial) lead to the creation of "designer" babies in the future.


How does it work


Gene editing is a complex process, but in general it is a way of altering or modifying DNA within a cell. These modifications can change the features of a cell or an organism.


Scientists have worked with editing genes in mice and other organisms for decades. But recent developments in technology are making gene modification in humans simpler, cheaper and more efficient.


The CRISPR-Cas9 technique, which means "short palindromic repeats grouped regularly interposed," has made headlines in recent years due to the precision and speed with which it can edit the human genome. It has allowed researchers to make exciting progress in a short time.


"The CRISPR advantage [and other gene editing tools like Talens] is that it's very simple to do and that you can also modify many genes simultaneously using this system, "says Dr. Zubin Master, an associate professor at the Alden March Institute of Bioethics at Albany Medical College." When you can do things cheaper and faster, can have a direct impact on their marketing and wider use in medicine and other applications. "


Ethical concerns


While the guidelines and policies surrounding gene modification vary from country to country, the first CRISPR trials in human adults are currently underway.


What has generated the greatest ethical concern is the editing of genes in the human germ line: the intentional modification of the genes that we transmit to our children and future generations. This type of gene editing is already approved in some countries, including China, which has already modified unviable human embryos.


Internationally, there has been a call for a moratorium on all tests until more is learned about the impact of gene editing on the germ line. The National Institutes of Health say it will not fund the use of gene-editing technologies in human embryos.


Why it matters


While the timeline may be a bit blurry, experts say that advances in gene editing can put parents in a unique situation when it comes to the health of their children.


"The idea of ​​not passing on the hereditary conditions that are horrible sounds like something really good," says Dr. Lisa Campo-Engelstein, PhD, associate professor at the Alden March Institute of Bioethics. "But there is also the concern that this will go from an option to a duty."


They will give you a transplant the same day


What does it mean


At a time when virtually anything can be printed in 3-D, it is not surprising that laboratories around the world have successfully printed parts of the human body such as an ear and a titanium rib cage.


Following? Printing of human organs and tissues.


The progress made in bioprinting bodies is a critical step at a time when approximately 120,000 people in the US UU They are currently waiting for a life-saving organ transplant, according to the American Transplant Foundation.


How does it work


Bioprinting is a complex process, and many laboratories have their own patented methods. In general terms, however, medical bioprinting is an extension of traditional 3D printing (also known as additive manufacturing). Bioprinters work in relatively the same way, but deposit layers of biomaterial instead of plastic or other more standard material. This is done using the "biological ink", which is generated from the cells that will be used to create the final fabric.


When is it happening


Dr. Anthony Atala, director of the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, and his team have been able to grow human tissues and organs out of the body by hand and successfully transplant them to the patient in clinical trials.


"Certainly, in the coming years, we will begin to see some of these [3-D] printed tissues reach patients, "says Atala, whose team is one of several research institutions that lead the way with their advances in the bioprinting of human tissues.


Atala says that much is being done in organs such as the lungs, the kidneys and the heart, but they are some of the most complex for bioprinting.


"Within 30 years, you will see that many more organs and many different strategies will be used to repair and replace the organs," says Atala. "The goal over time is to have more and more of these organs in the patients."


Why it matters


According to statistics published by the US Department of Health and Human Services. UU., 22 people die every day waiting for an organ transplant. Bioprinting allows patients to receive an organ made from their own cells, which increases the chances of a successful transplant.


"With this technology, you take the patient's tissue and grow the cells out of the body, then you are bringing the tissue or organ out of the body and then putting them back into the patient," says Atala. "For this type of strategy, you are using the patient's own cells, so it eliminates the risk of rejection."


You will be served by robots.


What does it mean


At a time when innovation is bringing the digital, technical and biological world closer than ever, experts agree that artificial intelligence (AI) could be a perfect tool to revolutionize our healthcare system (if we allow it).


How does it work


In the future, we will see more and more products and services based on AI in the market. A recent report from the CB Insights data firm listed more than 100 new artificial intelligence companies in the health sector that use machine learning algorithms and predictive analytics to do things like reduce drug discovery times, provide virtual assistance to patients and diagnose diseases by processing medical images.


Researchers from the University of California in Los Angeles created a "chatbot" that can operate as a virtual radiologist. It is said that the AI ​​device communicates with a patient's doctor and provides answers to the questions based on the evidence.


IBM Watson Health launched IBM Watson for Oncology, an artificial intelligence program that helps analyze patient records and provides clinicians with evidence-based treatment options.


When is it happening


We know that AI-based technology has already made its way into several medical fields, but in the future, experts say it may be even more ingrained in our daily lives.


The long-term project at Stanford University, a 100-year study on artificial intelligence (AI100), is a look at how AI will find a way into our daily lives.


In their first report, "Artificial Intelligence and Life in 2030," panelists predicted several ways in which AI will be applied to our health care system, including "clinical decision support, patient monitoring and training, automated devices. to help in surgery or patient care and management. " Systems of health ".


Why it matters


Would you allow a robot to study your medical records in an effort to find the best treatment? What would happen if they could help you in your future surgery? And you want your insurance to cover it?


"IA-based applications could improve health outcomes and the quality of life of millions of people in the coming years," the panelists wrote in their report. "But only if they win the trust of doctors, nurses and patients, and if political, regulatory and commercial obstacles are eliminated."


Each of us has to make a personal decision when it comes to our comfort level with artificial intelligence and data. While harnessing the power of AI for medical purposes is not without risks, the reward may be worth it.


You will be making difficult decisions


In the not too distant future, we will have access to our most personal health information, things that make each of us the unique sets of atoms and particles that we are.


We will also have the technology to make changes in our health that could affect not only ourselves, but also those who persecute us.


Parents will have more control than ever about the outcome of their future pregnancies. As ethical as it is, it is hard not to ask: Would you modify your child's DNA if it could save you from a deadly disease? What if you could make sure they had green eyes like yours or were a little taller to be on the varsity basketball team? Would you opt for this future procedure if it were only available to those who could afford it?


Even those who choose not to have children should consider how sharing their personal health history could impact the well-being of future generations. At this time, only 44 percent of all US Internet users. UU They trust that the delivery of more personal data to insurance companies (also known as health, home and cars) will be beneficial for them and will improve their own customer experience.


If you could send your private health information to a biobank to help researchers find cures for deadly diseases, would you do it? It may depend on the uses, says Dr. Zubin Master, associate professor at the Alden March Institute of Bioethics. "If someone is going to use their samples for research on heart disease or blindness, they are socially valuable and the things that most people want to be treated," he says. "But, what if I said," Someone can share their biological samples and health information with a law enforcement agency or with an insurance agency or an employer. "This is where it turns gray.


In many ways, the future is already here. Former President Barack Obama All of us The research program, led by the National Institutes of Health, will bring precision medicine to clinical practice. By gathering detailed health information from individuals, the program hopes to "allow research into a wide range of diseases, both common and rare, as well as increase our understanding of healthy states." The program is ready to begin actively recruiting 1 million or more volunteers to share their personal health information with the program this year.


Are you in?



Reference: https: //www.healthline.com/health/future-of-health






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