Laxity of the ligaments in knees, shoulders, ankles, neck and the whole body

What is ligamentouslaxity?

The ligaments connect and stabilize the bones. They are flexible enough to move, but firm enough to provide support. Without ligaments in the joints such as the knees, for example, I could not walk or sit.

Most people have naturally compressed ligaments. The laxity of the ligaments occurs when their ligaments are too loose. You can also hear the laxity of the ligaments known as loose joints or joint laxity.

The laxity of the ligaments can affect the joints of the whole body, such as the neck, shoulders, ankles or knees.

What are the symptoms?

The signs and symptoms of ligament laxity tend to appear in or around the affected joints. Possible symptoms near your joints include:

  • pain, numbness or tingling

  • muscle spasms

  • Frequent injuries or joint dislocation.

  • increase in range of motion (hypermobility)

  • Junctions that click or crack

What causes it?

Having one or more loose joints is not uncommon, especially among children.

In some cases, ligament laxity does not have a clear cause. However, it is usually due to an underlying medical condition or injury.

Medical conditions

Several genetic conditions that affect the connective tissue of your body can cause ligament laxity. These include:

  • hypermobility syndrome

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

  • Marfan syndrome

  • imperfect osteogenesis

  • Down's Syndrome

Several non-genetic conditions can also cause it, such as:

  • bone dysplasia

  • osteoarthritis

Injuries and accidents.

Injuries can also cause ligament laxity, especially muscle strains and repetitive motion injuries. However, people with loose ligaments also have a higher risk of injury, so it is not always clear whether an injury occurs as loose ligaments or vice versa.

Are there risk factors?

Some people are more likely to have loose joints, regardless of whether they have an underlying condition. For example, ligament laxity is more common in children than in adults. It also affects women more than men.

In addition, ligament laxity is more common among athletes, such as gymnasts, swimmers or golfers, because they are more prone to injuries such as muscle tension. Having a job that requires a lot of repetitive movement can also increase your risk of an injury that could cause loose ligaments.

How is it diagnosed?

The Beighton score is a common screening tool for joint hypermobility. It involves completing a series of movements, such as pulling the fingers backwards or bending them and placing the hands on the ground.

Your doctor may use this test to evaluate if ligament laxity appears in more than one area of ​​your body.

In rare cases, ligamentous laxity is a sign of a more serious condition, such as the Ehlers-Danlos or Marfan syndrome. Your doctor may decide to perform additional tests if you have other symptoms of a connective tissue condition, such as fatigue or muscle weakness.

How is it treated?

Laxity of the ligaments does not always require treatment, especially if it does not cause any pain. However, if it causes pain, physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles that surround the joints to get additional support. In severe cases, you may need surgery to repair the ligaments.

The bottom line

Laxity of the ligaments is a medical term for loose ligaments, which can cause the loss of joints that bend more than normal. While it does not always cause problems, laxity of the ligaments sometimes causes pain and may increase the risk of injuries, such as dislocated joints.

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