What is ovulation? Cycle of time, pain and other symptoms, and more



1. What is ovulation?


Ovulation is a part of your menstrual cycle. It occurs when an ovum is released from your ovary.


When the egg is released, it may or may not be fertilized by the sperm. If fertilized, the ovum can travel to the uterus and implant itself to become a pregnancy. If it is not fertilized, the egg disintegrates and the uterine lining falls off during its period.


Understanding how ovulation occurs and when it occurs can help you achieve or prevent a pregnancy. It can also help you diagnose certain medical conditions.


2. When does it happen?


Ovulation usually occurs around day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle. However, not everyone has a 28-day textbook cycle, so the exact time may vary.


In general, ovulation occurs four days before or four days after the midpoint of your cycle.


3. How long does it last?


The process of ovulation begins with the release of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from your body, usually between days 6 and 14 of your menstrual cycle. This hormone helps the egg inside your ovary to mature in preparation to release the egg later.


Once the egg is mature, your body releases a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), which triggers the release of the egg. Ovulation can occur within 28 to 36 hours after the LH surge.


4. Does it cause any symptoms?


Impending ovulation can cause an increase in vaginal discharge. This discharge is usually clear and elastic, it can even look like raw egg whites. After ovulation, your discharge may decrease in volume and appear thicker or more cloudy.


Ovulation can also cause:



  • slight bleeding or spotting

  • breast tenderness

  • increased sex drive





  • ovarian pain characterized by discomfort or pain in one side of the abdomen, also called mittelschmerz


Not everyone experiences symptoms with ovulation, so these signs are considered secondary in the monitoring of their fertility.


5. Where does ovulation fit in your general menstrual cycle?


Your menstrual cycle restores the day your menstrual flow begins. This is the beginning of the follicular phase, where the ovum matures and then is released during ovulation, around day 14.


After the ovulation the luteal phase arrives. If a pregnancy occurs during this phase, the hormones will prevent the lining from coming off during a menstrual period. Otherwise, a flow will begin around day 28 of the cycle, beginning the next cycle.


In summary: ovulation usually occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle.


6. Can you ovulate more than once in a given cycle?


Yes. Some people can ovulate more than once in a cycle.


A 2003 study suggested that some may even have the chance to ovulate two or three times in a given menstrual cycle. Not only that, but in an interview with NewScientist, the principal investigator said that 10 percent of the study participants actually produced two eggs in a month.


Other people can release several eggs during an ovulation, either naturally or as part of reproductive care. If both eggs are fertilized, this situation can result in fraternal multiples, such as twins.


7. Is ovulation the only time you can get pregnant?


No. While the egg can only be fertilized 12 to 24 hours after its release, the sperm can live in the reproductive tract under ideal conditions for up to 5 days. Therefore, if you have sex in the days before ovulation or on the same day of ovulation, you can get pregnant.


8. What is the "fertile window"?


The six days prior to ovulation, including ovulation, constitute what is called a "fertile window". Again, this is the period in which sexual intercourse can lead to pregnancy.


The sperm can wait for several days in the fallopian tubes after having sex, ready to fertilize the ovum once it is finally released. Once the egg is in the fallopian tubes, it lives around 24 hours before it can no longer be fertilized, which ends with the fertile window.


9. Can you follow your ovulation?


While the most accurate ways to confirm ovulation are ultrasounds in the doctor's office or hormonal blood tests, there are many ways to track ovulation in the home.




  • Graphs of basal body temperature (TB). This involves taking your temperature with a basal thermometer every morning throughout your cycle to record your changes. Ovulation is confirmed after its temperature has remained elevated from its reference level for three days.


  • Ovulation predictor kits (OPK). Generally, these are available without a prescription (OTC) at your corner pharmacy. They detect the presence of LH in the urine. Ovulation can occur within the next two days after the result line is as dark or dark as the control.


  • Fertility monitors. These are also available without a prescription. They are a more expensive option, with some products costing around $ 100. They track two hormones, estrogen and LH, to help identify the six days of their fertile window.


10. What methods work best?


It is difficult to say which method really works better than another.


The development of your BBT can be affected by a number of factors that influence the temperature of your body, such as illness or alcohol consumption. In one study, the records only confirmed ovulation accurately in 17 of 77 cases. Keep in mind that in a year of "typical" use, 12 to 24 of every 100 people will become pregnant while using fertility awareness methods, such as charts, to prevent pregnancy.


Fertility monitors, on the other hand, have the possibility of increasing their chances of pregnancy with only one month of use. Even so, these tools may not work well for everyone.


Talk to a doctor about your options if you:



  • are approaching menopause

  • Recently they have started having menstrual periods

  • Hormonal contraceptive methods have recently changed.

  • they have recently given birth


11. How many times should you have sex if you are trying to conceive?


You only need to have sex once during your fertile window to achieve pregnancy. Couples who try to conceive actively can increase their chances by having sex every day or every other day during the fertile window.


The best time to get pregnant is in the two days before ovulation and the day of ovulation itself.


12. What happens if you are not trying to conceive?


If you want to avoid pregnancy, it is important to use contraceptives during your fertile period. While barrier methods such as condoms are better than no protection, you may have more peace of mind using a more effective method.


Your doctor or other health care provider can guide you through your options and help you find the best approach.


13. What happens if the egg is fertilized?


If the ovum is fertilized, the division process begins in two cells, then four, and so on, until it becomes a blastocyst of 100 cells. The blastocyst must be successfully implanted in the uterus for pregnancy to occur.


Once attached, the hormones estrogen and progesterone help thicken the uterine lining. These hormones also send signals to the brain so that it does not detach from the lining, so that the embryo can continue its development into a fetus.


14. What happens if the egg is not fertilized?


If the ovum is not fertilized with the sperm in a given menstrual cycle, the ovule disintegrates. Hormones tell the body to remove the uterine lining in a menstrual period that lasts two to seven days.


15. What happens if you are not ovulating regularly?


If you follow ovulation from one month to the next, you may notice that you are not ovulating regularly or, in some cases, you are not ovulating at all. This is a reason to talk to a doctor.


Although things like stress or diet can affect the exact day of ovulation from one month to the next, there are also medical conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or amenorrhea, which can make ovulation irregular or Stop completely.


These conditions can cause other symptoms related to hormonal imbalances, including excess facial or body hair, acne and even infertility.


16. Talk to a health provider


If you are looking to get pregnant in the near future, consider making an appointment prior to conception with a doctor or other health care provider.


They can answer any questions you may have about ovulation and follow-up, as well as advise you on how to time sex to increase your chances.


Your provider can also identify any condition that may be causing irregular ovulation or other unusual symptoms.



Reference: https: //www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/what-is-ovulation






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